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What does a Biologist do?

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Talent.com talent.com
Answered August 09 2021
Career Expert at Talent.com
Biology is a broad field, full of exciting challenges. Like all science-based positions, biology provides plenty of opportunities for planning and research. There is no shortage of options to study, classify, and categorize living organisms while documenting their research findings.  
Biologists also conduct deep environmental and ecological investigations by observing animal wildlife and studying their characteristics and behavior. When Biologists require samples, they will have the chance to get up close and personal with animals which requires a thorough understanding of their behaviors. On top of the animal species, Biologists also work painstakingly at growing and cultivating plant life for study. Parallel to this research on plant life is the study of human impact on nature. Biologists will often advise government agencies and companies about how to reduce the environmental impact of human activity.  
Biologists also spend a great deal of their working life liaising with other Biologists and Scientists. The film and television industry doesn't do the best job at portraying these professionals as particularly social. Still, we know that their teamwork and collaboration on the job paints an entirely different picture of their working environment and habits.  

Roles and responsibilities of a Biologist
Curious about the daily responsibilities of your average Biologist? Here’s a non-exhaustive list of everyday tasks they may be required to complete.  
  • Collect and analyze biological data on the interactions of organisms with each other and their environment.  
  • Observe living organisms thriving in their natural habitat.  
  • Conduct behavioral experiments.  
  • Collect environmental data and samples.  
  • Study the effect of human activity on natural environments.  
  • Set parameters for observational studies.  
  • Use specialized equipment (e.g., video cameras, GPS trackers, and sample containers) to observe and experiment.  
  • Document observational and experimental results for further analysis.  
  • Study and managing the wild animal population.  
  • Study animal interaction with other organisms.  
  • Identify, classify, and study the animal structure, behavior, physiology, nutrition, and distribution.  
  • Cultivate, breed, grow, and study plants. 
  • Document the basic principles of plants (e.g., origin, relationship with other organisms, development, anatomy, and functions). 
  • Catalog plants into categories, studying their interaction with the environment and evaluating the effect of human activity on plant life.  
  • Cultivate, grow, and study microorganisms using specialized equipment to study them (e.g., microscopes, hazmat suits, and other laboratory equipment).  
  • Identify and classify microorganisms, conduct experiments on their behavior and their effect on multicellular organisms, and document results from investigations.  
  • Conduct research and investigation, both laboratory and field-based, on the effect of human activity and pollution on natural environments to provide government entities and companies with an accurate description of their impact on nature.  
  • Measure wildlife and plant population in areas close to human settlements  
  • Analyze and measure water acidity, salinity, and oxygen content 
  • Design and develop ecological and conservationist plans and strategies to reduce human environmental impact.  
  • Analyze and interpret data collected from observation, experimentation, and research to draw hypotheses and conclusions.  
  • Share biological research findings by publishing papers, submitting information to government agencies and companies, holding professional conferences, and teaching biology in universities.