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What does a Geologist do?

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Talent.com talent.com
Answered July 19 2021
Career Expert at Talent.com
Most Geologists split their time between working in a field or lab and working at an office. In the field and lab, they make observations, test the strengths of rocks or soil compositions, and gather other pertinent data. In their office, they produce maps, write reports and create other references that may be required. 

Geologists often work with Geographical Information Systems (GIS) software, which allows them to input the data from their fieldwork and produce maps of the area. 

When Geologists are working from their office, they usually work 9-5 Monday to Friday. If they are doing fieldwork, the hours can be longer and more irregular. 

Geologists can work for governments, mining companies, engineering firms, non-profits, or universities. These different employers will have additional requirements and expectations of the work Geologists will need to produce.

Some Geologists work as consultants for law firms and investment agencies, as mining and resource extraction is a large industry with a lot of capital invested. 

Roles and responsibilities of a Geologist
  • Lead field studies, surveys, and digs.
  • Collect soil for rock and mineral samples.
  • Analyze data from boreholes, aerial photos, and wells.
  • Analyze statistical data and produce graphs, maps, or summaries.
  •  Observe all safety protocols on site. 
  • Provide expertise to other professionals, such as engineers, architects, and lawyers, as needed. 
  • Use seismographs, torsion balances, and magnetometers to measure the Earth's gravity and magnetic field.
  • Compile field and lab data to prepare geological charts and maps.
  • Read journal articles and reports to stay up to date on current research and findings. 
  • Ensure environmental regulations and protocols are met and respected. 
  • Test fossils and minerals with the proper lab equipment. 
  • Measure seismic, volcanic, and electromagnetic activities. 
  • Manage budgets for geological explorations and initiatives. 
  • Deliver feedback and information to team members. 
  • Take part in new training to stay up to date on protocols and regulations for safety or sustainability. 
  • Attend conferences to learn or present new findings from the field.